The Impact of Immigration from BiH on the Socio-demographic Development of Urban Regions in Croatia

Researchers: Sonja PODGORELEC, Mario BARA, Ivan LAJIĆ

Duration: 2014-2015

Short description of the project

This is the first scientific project on the topic of researching the impact of immigration of citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina on the socio-demographic development of Croatian urban regions. According to the 2011 Census, 409,357 inhabitants of Croatia were born in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which represents as much as 70% of all Croatian citizens born abroad. The research covers the immigrant population of the neighboring state of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which consists of three ethnic identities – Croats, Serbs and Bosnians, and who share some basic common cultural and social characteristics with the population of the recipient country – Croatia. These include similarities (knowledge) of language, knowledge of customs, history of life in a common state, war experience 1990-1995, history of migration and various forms of migration in which immigrants from Bosnia and Herzegovina or members of their families are/were personally involved – economic, educational, refugee, etc. – elements that should represent the positive dimensions of integration. This we primarily imply the terms of socio-economic inclusion in the labor market, but also the specifics of socio-cultural inclusion in the receiving society with regard to the network of relations between immigrants and the majority population of the receiving country or knowledge of certain cultural dimensions of life (the mentioned language, religion, etc.). The aim of the project is to investigate immigrants from Bosnia and Herzegovina as a specific group of migrants, their integration and quality of life.

The research was conducted at the end of 2014 using the face-to-face survey (CAPI) in the city district of Sesvete, City of Zagreb, on a sample of 301 respondents, residents of Croatia over 18 years of age born in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The aim of the research was to examine the factors related to immigration, selected dimensions of integration and quality of life. Given their ethnicity, the vast majority of respondents (93.4%) were Croats. Almost all respondents (99%) have Croatian citizenship.

The results of the research have been presented in published papers and at several scientific conferences in the country and abroad.

The most important publications:

1. Podgorelec, S., Klempić Bogadi S. and Gregurović, M. (2020). “Housing Integration of immigrants from Bosnia and Herzegovina in Croatia: example of the City of Zagreb”, Geoadria, vol. 25, no. 1

2. Podgorelec, S. Klempić Bogadi S. and Gregurović, M. (2019). “Immigrants From Bosnia and Herzegovina in Croatia: A Sense of Belonging and Acceptance in the New Social Environment“, Treatises and Documents Journal of Ethnic Studies / Razprave in gradivo, Revija za narodnosna pitanja, br. 82, pp. 5–23.

3. Klempić Bogadi S., Gregurović, M and Podgorelec, S. (2018). “Immigration From Bosnia and Herzegovina to Croatia: Migration Patterns: The Example of Immigrants in Zagreb”, Population, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 39-62.

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